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Wednesday, May 19, 2010

WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) Overview

There are many newbies into the WebLogic stream ( Development/ Administration). Most of them are novice to WLST. I thought let me found a way to give you best links available on the net.

After being in the development team one of my buddy asked me "your blogs are very nice, I want to learn WLST. But where to start? " My answer for all my blog readers who want to encourage newbies in WLST can pass this post. Currently WLST is supporting Application Servers are listed as follows:
  • WebLogic 8.1
  • BEA WebLogic 9.0
  • BEA WebLogic 9.1
  • BEA WebLogic 9.2
  • BEA WebLogic 10.0
WLST is first initiated in the BEA System Inc., days so it is supported since WebLogic 8.1 onwards with latest service packs till WebLogic version 10.0. After Oracle acquisition following are the versions:

  • Oracle WebLogic 10g R3
  • Oracle WebLogic 11gR1
  • Oracle WebLogic 11gR1 PatchSet 1 (10.3.1)
  • Oracle WebLogic 11gR1 PatchSet 2 (10.3.2)
  • Oracle WebLogic 11gR1 PatchSet 3 (10.3.3)
  • Oracle WebLogic 12c

WLST Features indentation - Clear Sytax

The WLST programming structure follows strict syntax indentation and it is the same structure as in Python programming. As per my experiances with WLST it can be divided into four parts
  1. Importing section
  2. Global variables
  3. Definations - class/function
  4. Main program uses above sections

Import section for Reuse
importing WLST libraries includes Python standard libraries and thousands of new Jython libraries also included. You can have Java packages as module imports which gives you flexible programming.

While writing a WLST script, the file can be store with the extension .py are called python modules. We can reuse the external language such as Java methods into our WLST script you can use import statement for this. Here is the syntaxes that you can use.

import module
from module import submodule
from . import submodule

You can write a WLST script that uses command line aruguments using sys module sys.args.

WLST Datatypes - Global variables

In WLST you can define the global variables on the top of the program that can be used across all the functions defined in the script. On the other hand you can define the variables in the function definitions that can be treated as local to the function, Jython programming language supported datatypes all can be used it supports
  • Base Datatypes: integer, float, long, char, str, bool
  • Collection Types: list, dictionary, tuple, sequances, maps etc
  • Object types: Python objects and Java package objects
Dynamic typing
In WLST supports Python Dynamic typing, we can use same variable for storing different type of data as shown below.
wls:/offline> var=10
wls:/offline> print var
wls:/offline> var='Busy in WLST'
wls:/offline> print var
Busy in WLST
wls:/offline> var=[1,2,3]
wls:/offline> print var
[1, 2, 3]

Class in WLST

Object oriented scripting can be defined and can be reusable with creation of objects.
 def __init__():   #like C++ constructor
  do something initially
 def function1():
  do some task 
Let’s experiment with class in WLST. In a class we can define attributes and we can assign values to them. And we define functions related to that class that you will make.
wls:/offline> class test:
...     u,p='weblogic','vybhav@28'
After this we are able to create instances of the class test. Let us create t as a instance of test class.
wls:/offline> t=test()
wls:/offline> print t.u,t.p
weblogic vybhav@28
There is a difference between class attribute and instance attributes. Let us know about it, The variables u, and p of the instance can be modified by assignment:
wls:/offline> t.u='vasuakka'
wls:/offline> t.u
In u attribute value was changed into ‘vasuakka’ instead of ‘weblogic’.

Function definitions in WLST

How to define a Function in WLST? It is simple it starts with keyword ‘def’, you need to give a name of the function followed by number of argument and a colon. After this you need to give a tab space indentation that indicates the function block. You can add text to tell about what this function will do. Then you can add number of WLST statements or control flow statements. At the bottom of the function you can return a value or you leave that line, it is optional.
Now, let’s experiment with function definition for conversion of Kilobytes to megabytes. The logic of this function is that we can get the megabyte value when you pass the argument as kilobyte this will be divided by 1024.
wls:/offline> def kb2MB(kb):
...     mb=kb/1024
...     return mb
wls:/offline> print kb2MB(2048)

WLST Operators

You WLST commands statements not only JMX accessing functions we need to use some of the Python programming control flows in it. To use the control flow you must know about what kind of operations you can do in WLST. So let us see some of them are:

Comparison operators
This opertators we can use in regular if statements or while statements
==, >, <, <=, =>

Logical Operators
In WLST the variable can be empty or zero values are treated as "", 0, None, 0.0, [], and {}. So you need to be careful when you define a variable and moved the values of variables.

How WLST script Execution works?

Here I am going to explain with the following picture, how the Python script will be interpreted and internally compiled to java code and then Byte code so that it can be executable on JVM.
WLST Execution process
The source code for the WLST script is written in Python code. The WLST program file must have the extension as .py which is the source code consisting a set of Jython instructions for WebLogic domain. This source code is going to use a JVM machine when it is instructed to RUN the script; its invocation internally generates Java byte code to interpret with the JVM to produce the desired output. You might wonder by seeing this Chines WLST link, but it is worthy to see in google chrome. Because the web-page is from china and entire page is in chaineese language. If you have Google Chrome it will give you translate on top of the page you can choose your choice of language and have knowledge on WLST :) Here I am sharing the wonderful presentation about WLST overview. Check this following SlideShare Presentation: it's pretty informative, it was delivered by James Bayer who is the technical expert from Oracle. Especially I more impressed myself to see the 47 slide saying about THIS blog as one of the web reference.
Thankyou for visiting this post, feel free to post your comments after viewing these video links.


  1. Hi,

    I m new to this Alert WLST Scripts,I just want to try these scripts on my weblogic box.I know,we need to configure Mailx 1st to get mails,if we using linux server.

    Im using windows system,so i need to know what i need to install 1st for getting mails.
    Do i need to install win mail??
    2ndly does the code remain the same or does we need to change??

    Please guide would be really helpful for me,
    I have just started with basic jython scripting.

    Thanking you..


  2. Hi Fabian,

    Sending an email from your WebLogic running machine just need mailx service must be configured.

    Receiver doesn't required to install anything. If you have mail client running on Windows machine it is not going to stop anything.

    Enjoy Jython scripting for more efficient administration.

  3. Hi Pavan,

    Im Thankful for replying me.
    Sorry ma question was not clear.

    I meant,if i install my Weblogic on Windows box(Box A)..and i want to send Alert mails to my client machine which is also a windows box(Box B)..What i need to install on this Windows box(Box A).

    Do i need win mail??

    Any suggestion would be really helpful.

    Thanking you,


  4. Every company have a separate mail servers configured. The mail service must be register to your Windows Box A. then you can send mails from your machine, there are open sources also available if you wish you can use them too.

  5. sir,

    my salutations to you. Your blog is really helpful.
    Thanks for posting.

    May i know your email address for future reference?



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